Pompeii & Hercolaneum
The archaeological areas of Pompeii and Herculaneum are so important because they are ancient Roman cities that have come down to us exactly like this, as they appeared 2000 years ago.
The pyroclastic eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD completely submerged them, immortalizing them forever in history. That morning of August 24th Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabia ceased to exist.
The great volcano that observed and accompanied the lives of the inhabitants of the area woke up.
A powerful and destructive awakening, announced by a series of earthquakes that heavily damaged houses, so much that at the time of eruption many buildings had not yet been repaired after the powerful earthquake of 72 AD and many residents moved away once the earth began to tremble in the days before the eruption.
First was a roar, then a black cloud and a shower of ash, lapilli and solidified magma. In the night the quiet seems to have returned and many people returned to their homes.
But at dawn on August 25th of 79 AD, the eruptive column collapsed completely and a column of gas and burning ash rose from the Vesuvius, pouring over the cities and submerging them completely.